RR10- chapter 16

Over the last decade, journalism and reporting have experienced significant changes. One industry that has been deeply impacted by these changes is the sports world. Projected to reach a net worth of $73.5 billion by 2019, the sports industry is one of the largest industries in the world. Due to its massive scope, the sports industry has magnified these changes in journalism and reporting. Technology is the major reason for these changes, and it is often said that technology-enabled social media has altered the traditional sense of journalism. As a result, the industry has seen the emergence of a new trend that has come to represent the new face of sports media – athlete driven media. Athlete driven media continues to grow rapidly, perhaps facilitated by the appearance of numerous athlete driven media companies.
As technology and social media continues to advance and take control of sports journalism and reporting, athlete driven media is here to stay.
Media has made great platform for sports now and for it to evolve in the future. With the status of social media spots can be broadcasted everywhere. I’m positive that when have nothing to fear about sports media with the vast knowledge of the young generation coming up and technology here to help improve the sports world.


The popularity of Volleyball has increased dramatically over past years. This is a result of commodification. Commodification is the process of turning something into a commodity that can be bought and sold. Over the past 20 years, Volleyball has evolved from a simple, fun and recreational sport to a more appealing, more sexualized version, beach volleyball. Because of this evolution, beach volleyball has received a vast improvement in popularity, especially amongst a male audience. This is exactly what has happened to the sport. Males are the largest consumers of sport and are therefore the target audience. It is doubted that the stereotypical male watches women’s beach volleyball for the sport itself, they prefer to ‘watch the players’. Women’s beach volleyball has attracted a great deal of male interest purely because of the fact the women are wearing revealing clothes. The media coverage that beach volleyball has achieved detracts from the main spectacle and focuses on the sexual aspect of the game. This can also be a positive point as it has overthrown the male hegemonic dominance within the sport.
The sexual nature of women’s beach volleyball has ceased the male hegemonic dominance of the sport. Now that the ‘sex-piloted’ version of volleyball has grabbed a greater audience, it is mainly focused on the female players.
The male competition is does not draw as much attention as the female one. As much as the uniforms appeal to a greater audience, beach volleyball glorifies a more sexually attractive body, in both males and females, than one that is ‘not’.


We’re lucky enough to live in age where we can pick up a game controller and put ourselves right in the middle of sports video games so realistic that you can practically smell the nachos at the concession stands.

That wasn’t always the case. Sports video games truly have come a long way.


They offer us a change from the monotony of daily life. It is a useful means of entertainment and physical activity. Sports and games help in character building. They give us energy and strength.

Sports and games are means of mental and physical growth. During sports we come to learn many things. We learn how to maintain mental balance during hopes and despair. They make us learn how to tackle the difficult situation. Sports develop a sense of friendliness. They develop in us team spirit. They help in developing mental and physical toughness. They shape our body and make it strong and active. They give us energy and strength. They remove tiredness and lethargy. They improve blood circulation. This improves our physical well-being.


“We want so much to see sports solely as an arena of play, not seriousness. But here’s the thing, this can cheapen not only the greatness and relevance of sports to us as a society, but also the courage of the athletes” (The Nation). The pursuit of fame, wealth and status can blind the human conscious, which is why it is important for us to encourage athletes to speak their minds. As a nation, we should not silence the athletes, because it is the truly courageous athletes who have the audacity to stand up when it’s not popular.

On September 20, 1973 Billie- Jean King took on men’s champion Bobby Riggs in a battle of the sexes tennis match. Riggs was known for criticizing women’s sports and female athletes. King stated, “I just had to play, Title IX [the ban on gender discrimination in federally funded educational programs] had just passed, and I wanted to change the hearts and minds of people to match the legislation” (Smithsonian). King beat Riggs in three straight sets, inspiring female athletes across the globe to break gender barriers.

Chapter 7 Reading Response

One of the most harmful topics not only to sports but the world is race and ethnicity, but today we will be talking about race and ethnicity in sports. Dealing with the issue of sport and ethnology, three major factors come to mind; prejudice, racism, and discrimination. These factors span across gender, ethnic, racial, religious, and cultural groups. In the following paragraphs, I would like to discuss how these factors have played a part in the evolution of sport in our society.

A definition of a race might rely on an outward manifestation such as color or some other physiological sign. Race and ethnicity (and to some degree nationality) also imply a shared socio-cultural heritage and belief system. For blacks being distinguished in this manner was demeaning to them; as well as it should be. One of their ways of protesting against this came at the XIX Olympiad.
During these games, black American athletes decided to protest social injustice. Athletes such as Jim Hines, Tommie Smith, John Carlos? And other black Americans decided to display signs of black power in different forms. The first to do so, Jim Hines, said that he did not wish to accept his gold medal from Avery Brundage, the president of the International Olympic Committee. In the ceremony for the 200-meter dash, runners Jones and Carlos came out to accept their awards displaying signs and clothing depicting black power. They were reprimanded, but other athletes followed suit at these. Collectively, society has taken steps towards less racism in sports based on color. There is no longer a ban keeping athletes out of sports such as baseball due to color. Stereotypes and racial thoughts still exist today, but they are improving with time.

In conclusion, we should learn that there is a way for us to communicate about race and ethnicity in the United States but most of us shy away from it and choose not to open our mouths. Trying to ignore this problem will not make it better and it will not make it go away. After reading this chapter you can get a better understanding about the roles of race and ethnicity in sports. It’s important to remember this information so you can gain a full sense of perspective on issues about such as class sociology and politics.

Chapter 6 reading response

Chapter 6 talk about one of the most heavily discussed topics in sports today, “Gender in sports.”  This chapter explores both feminist and interactive gender issues by surveying the history of women’s sports, discussing gender roles under the broader theoretical construct of hegemonic masculinity, assessing the amount of current coverage and exposure afforded to men’s and women’s sports.

One topic that has always caught my attention was Opportunities for men and women in sports. People always ask, “should women be allowed the same opportunity as men in sports?” My answer is yes women should be allowed the same opportunities as men in sports, if they do in fact want to participate, why should you tell them no? It’s their choice, they should be able to participate in football, baseball, etc. If they want to. I know the whole argument and how women are physically inferior. They really aren’t. Women can deal with pain a lot more than men can, and women can be strong as if not more so than a man. Even with the pay difference between men and women, women should make just as much because they are putting their body on the line just as any other man would. To say a woman can’t handle the physicality of what a man can is stupid. Women deserve the same respect and opportunity in sports as any other man.

In conclusion, chapter 6 is a very touchy topic but people need to see this kind of information brought to them. As we move on in sports I hope to see even more opportunities for women in sports just as men as more people come to the realization of it. I have seen women play against men but why not play together. We should all be equals!

Chapter 5: Sports and mythology

In chapter 5 we have discussed the connection between mythology in sports.  For example, MJ wasn’t cut from his high school team but in America we don’t let the facts get in the way of our myths. The birth story in this myth is that Michael Jordan was cut from his varsity team the first year he tried out, and the sting of that rejection fueled the competitive passions that made him the greatest basketball player ever. President Obama even used this story as a lesson for how to overcome adversity in his speech to school children on Tuesday.

Chapter 5 also talks about seeing sport as a religion. The Olympics be a kind of religious experience because they bring individuals into community with one another in ritualistic fashion. Moreover, this mass ritual is designed to promote core values, such as pride in one’s country and respect for other cultures.