Chapter 7 explains race and the ethnicity in sports. One of the most definent examples of segregation in sports is within the sport of baseball and basketball. During the 1800’s, baseball has been considered America’s pastime. However, in the past, baseball was a completely white sport. Up until the 50’s, the first professional negro league wasn’t established until 1951 with the Indianapolis Negro Professional League. Jackie Robinson became a hero to many in 1947 when he joined the Dodgers Major League club, where he also became Rookie of the Year.
Racism is still here today in sports. It doesn’t really show up that much but appears too much in social media. In the game it happens and outside of the games. Collin Kaepernick QB for the San Francisco 49ers took a knee during the National Banner making statement to the police brutalities for African-Americans. He wasn’t disrespecting anyone of any kind, but letting people know these harmful things needs to stop.
Chapter 6 talks about the role of women. Women usually do not gain any recognition in media, because sometimes the way they play a sport are usually boring and not really fun to watch and usually not any contact from them. Women were not given the equality for sports networks today such as ESPN and FS1. SportsCenter only shared 2% of information on the Women sports.
Women are sometimes excluded from playing with men in the same sports such as basketball for example. if women has what it takes to play with men some believe they should have the chance to and it might will make the game more interesting. Women has gained more and more success throughout the years to gain their way to being able to do anything in the sports industry.
Chapter 5 is about the importance of mythology or the myths of sports. Mythology plays a big role in sports, because it sends out messages to ones who enjoy sports. For example, Babe Ruth’s alleged “called shot” during the 1932 World Series and pointed to a spot where he knew that he was going to hit a home-run. some people didn’t believe it happened but others today still do believe it happened and took as a inspiration to help them follow their dreams.
Ritual is a important element in the enactment of sports mythology. Formal rituals makes the community have an alternate social world in everyday life. The book ‘Huskerville” the story of Nebraska football talks about how the fans of the football team have rituals, physical and symbolic expressions in the rural values to make the team more successful. Communal is another sort of ritual that emphasize unity in ways that diminish the significance of differences and inequities. An example of this is, when Hurricane Katrina struck the gulf of New Orleans Saints struggled to recover economically and socially. The New Orleans Saints became a vehicle performing rituals designed to rehabilitate of the Louisiana Superdome.
With mythic stories, ritual performances, celebration of heroes, and use of religious metaphors it is clear that sports is always depending on mythology for their communicative power.
Chapter 2 introduces 4 topics; the participant, sports organization, sports media entities and the fan. These 4 topics sums up the whole entire chapter. The first topic, “the participant,” talks about the beginning of “child play.” From mandatory physical education classes to pro leagues. Talks about how chapter 12 intergroup dynamics involved in sport that tend to masculinize or feminize the social roles of those who play. Also, casual sports is a big subject in this first topic. Casual sports represents substantial portion of all athletics. This means; sports should be vital and a healthy part of living, participation in sport is more likely to yield high character and enhanced opportunity for one’s involved, and sports is a “primary” for functioning socially.
Second, sports organization is to serve a role by coordinating efforts and providing spaces and events that advances opportunities for participants. This topic is more about going clubs such as recreation and athletic clubs. Recreation clubs are more involved in local communities for example, the YMCA where adults and children can go play a pickup game of basketball and or other events. Athletic clubs does not consist “going to the gym and exercise.” This club works with city parks and recreation departments to use spaces for competitive games. This includes Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) where coaches can get young players to get ready for bigger competition.
Third, sports media entities talks about how sports have been talked about so much in social media. It can be subdivided into visibility jobs and production jobs. Visibility jobs feature media players with most people such as, commentators for special events.
Last the fan, everyone loves having fans. Fans are there from the beginning to the end, have fans who will turn their backs and the ones that will have your back through everything. The result of all interactions with the fans and the players all combines as ONE to make sports increase its percentage to be watched more. Society is a microcosm of sport and which increases the culture. To wrap up this chapter the fans and media are the one’s who eliminates many barriers that exist with players.
Chapter I was mainly about sports involving; politics, social media and communications. It also talks about every chapter in the book that will be discussed in class. It says sports and politics doesn’t mixed, but plays a big role together. Social media is an everyday process. Social media shows everyday good and bad things about athletes and their teams. It shows personal lives and or other specific things about one that’s causes a problem for that certain certain person.
An introduction fact, “the relationship between sports and communication developed in the 1990s with a studies featuring an increasingly diverse set of topics and scholarly methods.” His stood out the most, because they both did increase a big impact on others with sports and the talk from people who would say something positive or negative about others in the sports community. Politics is the biggest subject today towards athletes. The reason being is, it’s describing the use of sports diplomatic and social relations. Sports competition has had the intention to bring change in certain cases.